Scandinavia is one of the most picturesque parts of the world with a number of historic towns and cities and rugged landscape.

The region is a gateway for the Arctic Circle and is usually on many people's bucket lists. There are a host of attractions across the area whether it is visiting the hip and cool surroundings of cities such as Copenhagen and Stockholm or heading up to see the famous and spectacular Norwegian Fjords.

One of the main attractions of the area is the Northern Lights and for some people travelling with young children Lapland, so they can meet Santa or see some reindeer in their natural habitat. All of this can be possible by hopping on a train and Scandinavia has some of the most stunning railways.

Here are a selection of routes that people can take to experience the best of what Scandinavia has to offer.

The Northern Lights and Lapland

Both the Northern Lights and Lapland will be high up on holidaymakers' to-do list if they are heading across the North Sea. Next year marks a peak year in the 11-year cycle of the magical lights across the Arctic Circle making it the ideal time to book a trip and head up to the tip of the Earth.

Setting off from the Norwegian capital of Oslo, passengers can jump aboard a train which will take them up the picturesque Dovre Railway. It takes them through the majestic Dovrefjell mountain range to Trondheim.

There there hop on the Nordland Railway which travels 729 kilometers to Bodø where they can catch the Hurtigruten ferry to the Lofoten Islands to catch a glimpse of the famous Northern Lights.

For those heading to Lapland they can take the Ofoten Railway from Narvik across the Swedish border to Kiruna to pay Santa a visit.

Arctic Circle Express

Starting in the Swedish capital of Stockholm people can begin their adventure to the Arctic Circle. The city itself a modern metropolis and a must for all visitors. From here passengers can take the InterCity train to Östersund near to Lake Storsjön.

People can head to the Ofoten Railway to Narvik before crossing the Norwegian border to Trondheim. This is the gateway to the Arctic Circle and is a stopping point for the Rauma Railway which will take holidaymakers through spectacular mountain ranges and the famous fjords of Flåm.

The railway then connects on to Bergen which is a hive of funicular railways allowing people easy access back to Oslo.

Fjords of Norway

Passengers can begin this voyage in Bergen with flights running direct from London Heathrow. The city itself is an absolute treasure and at the tip of the Arctic Circle offering plenty of photo opportunities.

The train route into the fjords is along the Bergen Railway which is described as taking passengers "across the roof of Norway" and is Northern Europe's highest altitude line. Holidaymakers can take in the magnificent scenery while heading to Flåm where this will take people into the heart of the fjords.

It is one of the those moments which will last a lifetime and never be forgotten.